ItemEvaluation in Practice : Use and Outcomes in ICT4D Research, Kuala-Lumpur, December 8-9, 2007(IDRC, Ottawa, ON, CA, 2007) IDRC ItemReport of the XXXV APCC Session, 3-6 November 1998, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam(Asian and Pacific Coconut Community (APCC), Jakarta, ID, 1998) ItemGramamukhya Initiative : empowering women leaders at the local level in Kerala(IT for Change, Bengaluru, IN, 2012-01) Thampi, Binitha V.; Kawlra, Aarti; Gurumurthy, Anita; Joshi, Arpita; Nandini, C.Under the Kerala Panchayat Raj Act (1994), 33 % of electoral seats were manadated to be reserved for women in local level politics. However, existing patriarchal structures limited any change in their spheres of action. E-governance efforts of the state have so far only promoted technocratic involvement, keeping elected representatives out of the purview of local concerns. A digital platform was created for women in local governance to exchange information, strengthen political consciousness, and enhance their effective participation in the political arena through ongoing dialogue. Recommendations outline interface mechanisms for deepening democracy through inclusion of traditionally marginalized groups. ItemEnhancing participation in governance through ICTs : insights from a project with community reporters in Manila(IT for Change, Bengaluru, IN, 2012-03) Gutierrez, Ibarra; Estrada‐Claudio, Sylvia; Gurumurthy, Anita; Joshi, Arpita; Nandini, C.With wider diffusion and accessibility of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), there’s now an opportunity to democratize information and decision-making in the Philippines. However, most government websites are little more than static electronic bulletin boards with no mechanisms to allow for interaction or feedback. Government websites can be mandated to adopt interactive standards. Agencies specifically engaged in work on women’s empowerment and rights should be encouraged to adopt ICTs strategically, both as a means for consultation and for discussion. This policy brief is the outcome of collaboration under the Gender and Ctizenship in the Information Society (CITIGEN) Asia Research Programme. ItemICT access for women from the margins : lessons from Sri Lanka(IT for Change, Bengaluru, IN, 2012-02) Kottegoda, Sepali; Perera, Sachini; Emmanuel, Sarala; Gurumurthy, Anita; Nandini, C.; Joshi, ArpitaThree decades of war have changed household and family structures, with an unprecedented increase in the number of female-headed households. Findings provide insight on the impact of state ICT policies and programmes regarding women’s engagement with new media. In terms of government policy, ICT’s need to be recognized as not only relevant to the economic sector, but also to democracy, development and social transformation. An information society policy framework would acknowledge that information gate-keeping is gendered at various levels; e-governance would mean improvement in access to and interactivity with government services, and a more citizen-centric government. ItemWomen's online participation and the transformation of citizenship : a study in Hong Kong and Guangzhou(IT for Change, Bengaluru, IN, 2012-01) Ip Iam Chong; Lam Oi Wan; Gurumurthy, Anita; Joshi, Arpita; Nandini, C.The research study looked at the uses of new media among women’s organizations and activists for community building and campaigns for social justice. Whereas established organizations tend not to engage with frontiers of the civic movements, more marginal women’s groups with access to ICT’s have pursued public engagement and education and rely on ICT’s for organizing and advocacy. Individual activists and citizen journalists are knowledgeable of various media forms and platforms. Citizen movements in both Hong Kong and China have been depicted in gender neutral terms, very often represented by male human rights lawyers. ItemMigrant women domestic workers and freedom of communication in Taiwan : a case for barrier-free access to mobile phones as a basic right(IT for Change, Bengaluru, IN, 2011-12) Smales, Philippa; Gurumurthy, Anita; Joshi, ArpitaIsolation is amplified when migrant women domestic workers are restricted by the government, recruitment agencies, and their employers in their ability to use information and communication technologies, such as mobile phones and the Internet, to maintain contact with friends, family, unions, networks and other forms of support. Current national labour laws in Taiwan do not provide adequate protection to migrant domestic workers. This policy brief argues that government must undertake measures to guarantee rights, including ownership of personal mobile phones, discriminatory restrictions on SIM card purchases, access to information, and legal protection through mobile phones. ItemGender and Citizenship in the Information Society – An Asia-wide Research Programme : final technical report(IT for Change, Bengaluru, IN, 2013-02) IT for ChangeThis report details the theoretical and programmatic outcomes from projects that were part of Gender and Citizenship in the Information Society (CITIGEN), along with IT for Change, as the principal coordinator of the programme. The CITIGEN programme explores opportunities and challenges that have emerged in the current network society context for women's citizenship in the global South. Additionally, it has created a South-South network of feminist scholar-activists and practitioners who are working at the intersections of ICTs and women's rights. In addition to six research projects, IT for Change commissioned think-pieces from prominent scholars. ItemWomen and virtual citizenship? : gendered experiences of censorship and surveillance(IT for Change, Bengaluru, IN, 2012) Jensen, HeikeThe study looks at gendered experiences of communication “rights” on the Internet with regard to how citizenship as a gendered phenomenon has been struggled over, reframed and reconsolidated during recent times in different countries. It focuses on gender politics that inform the field of censorship and surveillance in the Information Society. ItemGender and citizenship in the information society : a perspective from Pakistan(IT for Change, Bengaluru, IN, 2011) Shaheed, FaridaThis think-piece focuses on Pakistan, where ICTs offer the possibility of a breakthrough for women's citizenship, through altering the existing private-public nexus. Access to ICTs creates a tantalizing possibility of by-passing mechanisms of patrol and control exercised by male patriarchs, especially within the family, to offer access to seemingly infinite informational and communication resources, thereby readjusting spatial frontiers. However, merely having access to information, or self-expression, is insufficient to reorient people’s individual and collective sense of self and their relationship with the state. For example, in concepts and practices of citizenship, what enters the breach of private-public frontiers may be deeply misogynistic. ItemDigital activism and violence against women : changing landscapes of feminist activism in Southern Africa(IT for Change, Bengaluru, IN, 2012) Lewis, Desiree; Orderson, CrystalGender Based Violence (GBV) is systemically connected to patriarchal, postcolonial and nationalist struggles in Africa. Focusing on the role of local and national forms of activism in which 'new media' play a pivotal role, this think-piece confronts Violence Against Women (VAW) as a growing site of feminist activism and human rights struggles in the region. The paper discusses regional increases in violence and the challenges this poses. The consideration of effective communication focuses critically on mainstream media as a site of influential, ostensibly public conversations about violence, women’s experiences, and how to challenge injustice. ItemInternet rights, Netizen’s sub-culture, and gender perspectives during political transformation in Thailand(IT for Change, Bengaluru, IN, 2011) Klangnarong, SupinyaThe control over Internet in Thailand is cause for serious concern. Reporters Sans Frontieres (RSF) monitor freedom of the media in Thailand because the government perceives the Internet as a political enemy. Media and tools of communication have become the battle ground of choice between two political camps: the “yellow camp” claims to act in order to protect the Nation and the King; the red camp, claims to fight for a real democracy. Evidence shows that Internet freedom is critically impaired for Thai citizens, regardless of gender. With regard to justice, access to ICTs may be a means to promote structural changes that lead to greater gender justice.