ItemBridging the gender gap in science at women’s University in Africa (WUA)(2023-01-23) Muchabaiwa, Wonder; Chingarande, Sunungurai Dominica; Muyambo, TensonThe presentation contains information on the background, objectives, methods, and recommendations of the Bridging the Gender Gap in Science at Women’s University in Africa (WUA) project. ItemExternal evaluation of TTI phase two : second interim report - November 2017(2017-11-17) Christoplos, Ian; Pain, Adam; Kluyskens, Jups; Sagasti, Francisco; Hedqvis, Anna Liljelund; NIRAS IndevelopThis Second Interim Report of the Evaluation of Phase Two of the Think Tank Initiative (TTI) presents interim findings and suggested midway lessons of this Phase of the Program. It is part of the Evaluation’s mandate “to provide independent, timely and actionable feedback to allow for the adaptive management of TTI, as well as providing rigorously documented and validated learning about the program.” At this halfway point, the Report primarily follows up on the Evaluation’s Phase Two baselines, established in 2016, which have been used as the basis for data collection here and against which further progress will be assessed up to 2019 in the Final Evaluation Report. ItemGrOW program final review(2018-09-03) Lee, Nanci; Sisters Ink LtdThis GrOW final review serves mainly for IDRC internal learning as well as selective external audiences including funders UKAid and the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation. The review assessed program performance, progress made since the Mid-term evaluation (project and program level) in achieving the program’s three outcomes. The review also assessed if recommendations from the mid-term review were applied and offered expert advice to inform future programming. ItemDestination innovation : 13 façons étonnantes dont la recherche améliore les conditions de vie dans le monde en développement(2018) Centre de recherches pour le développement international; Canadian Geographic ItemInnovation nation : 13 incredible ways research is improving lives in the developing world(2018) International Development Research Centre; Canadian GeographicThe stories featured in this annual digest demonstrate how researchers from Canada and the Global South are driving innovation. They reinforce the value of locally adapted innovation and the difference it can make in peoples’ lives when we find new solutions to long-standing challenges. Item12 projets avant-gardistes qui révolutionnent le monde en développement(2017) Centre de recherches pour le développement international; Canadian Geographic Item12 ground-breaking projects revolutionizing the developing world(2017) International Development Research Centre; Canadian GeographicHow do ideas evolve to become ground-breaking solutions? The following pages illustrate how the research supported by Canada’s International Development Research Centre turns ideas into action, and contributes to improving lives in the global south. ItemPays en développement en pleine mutation : 11 projets novateurs qui contribuent au changement(2016) Centre de recherches pour le développement international; Canadian Geographic ItemTransforming the developing world : 11 innovative projects making a difference(2016) International Development Research Centre; Canadian GeographicThe stories you are about to read shine a light on inspiring people who are creating global change through their innovation, courage, and actions. These are the stories of how researchers, scientists, policymakers, academics, professionals, civil society and private-sector actors are contributing to long-term development in low-and middle-income countries. They are doing this by tackling climate change, empowering women, supporting farmers, promoting science, improving health and more. ItemBuilding partnerships for scaling access to justice for survivors of sexual violence in Pakistan(2019-08-27) Rural Support Programmes Network; Khan, Shandana Humayun; Dar, Sadaf; Zaman, SarahThis is the closing report for the project “Building Partnerships for Scaling Access to Justice for Survivors of Sexual Violence in Pakistan”. The project aimed to provide systematic evidence on how police protocols, legal mechanisms and medical practices need to be revamped to ensure the dignity and just outcomes for survivors of sexual violence (SV), and feed into more effective practices and policies. Item1st annual rangelands congress 2015(2015-08-11) Jacqueline, Macharia; Lucy, WaruingiThe conference event built on the cooperation and coordination of organizers and other stakeholders with major interest in rangelands ecosystems and landscapes. It focused on the state of rangelands, trends that have taken place overtime, threats to their sustainability, and options for the future. A strategic plan clearly delineating objectives, goals and activities of the Rangelands Association of Kenya was developed and prepared for progressive implementation. This report provides reviews of presentations and discussions of this important conference, participants, and speakers. ItemResearch stations as conservation instruments provide long-term community benefits through social connections(Taylor and Francis group, 2019-03-25) Sarkar, Dipto; Chapman, Colin A.; Valenta, Kim; Angom, Scarlet C.; Kagoro, Wilson; Sengupta, RajaThe paper considers the benefits accruing from field research stations and how they might promote community-park relationships. In Kibale National Park (Uganda), study findings show that the presence of the research station provides long-term direct employment for 52 people, and indirect, cascading benefits for up to 720 people several kilometers away. While benefits of the research station do not eliminate community-park conflict, the long-term presence of researchers and the gains to local people associated with them is an underappreciated and important means for integrating the goals of biodiversity protection and local community investment. Benefits such as healthcare and education are also linked. ItemAnnual cycles dominate reproductive phenology of African tropical trees(John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2018-05-16) Adamescu, Gabriela S.; Plumptre, Andrew J.; Abernethy, Katharine A.; Polansky, Leo; Bush, Emma R.; Chapman. Colin A.; Shoo, Luke P.; Fayolle, Adeline; Janmaat, Karline R. L.; Robbins, Martha M.; Ndangalasi, Henry J.; Cordeiro, Norbert J.; Gilby, Ian C.; Wittig, Roman M.; Breuer, Thomas; Breuer-Ndoundou Hockemba, Mireille; Sanz, Crickette M.; Morgan, David B.; Pusey, Anne E.; Mugerwa, Badru; Gilagiza, Baraka; Tutin, Caroline; Ewango, Corneille E.N.; Sheil, Douglas; Dimoto, Edmond; Bujo, Flortl; Ssali, Fredrick; Dikangadissi, Jean-Thoussaint; Jeffery, Kathryn; Valenta, Kim; White, Lee; Masozera, Michel; Wilson, Michael L.; Bitariho, Robert; Ndolo Ebika, Sydney T.; Gourlet-Fleury, Sylvie; Beale, Colin M.Phenological complementarity between plants and animals is crucial for ecosystem organisation. The paper presents the first cross continental comparison of the flowering and fruiting phenology of tropical forests across Africa. The research validates the 12-months flowering and fruiting frequencies of Afro-tropical forests. It reveals Afro-tropical forest trees show annual cycles, found in both temperate and other tropical forests in Central and South America, as well as South East Asia. The timing of cyclical biological events (phenophases) such as leafing, flowering and fruiting, is essential for the reproductive efforts of plants, and equally important for animals that rely on plant resources to survive and reproduce. ItemColobine forestomach anatomy and diet(2019-08) Matsuda, Ikki; Chapman, Colin A.; Clauss, MarcusThe study supports the notion that a large gut capacity is an important characteristic by which herbivores survive on a high fibre diet, and that this large gut capacity may not be necessary for some species if there are seasonal peaks in fruit availability. The research collates literature on diet and compares tripartite and quadripartite species, focusing on Colobine monkeys and the praesaccus chamber where a commensal microbiome digests plant cell walls and possibly detoxifies defensive plant chemicals. Colobine monkeys are known for the anatomical complexity of their stomachs, making them distinct within the primate order. ItemDoes the presence of elephant dung create hotspots of growth for existing seedlings?(2019-03) Kalbitzer, Urs; McInnis, Victoria; Omeja, Patrick A.; Bortolamiol, Sarah; Chapman, Colin A.In general, the addition of elephant dung did not increase seedling growth, and only increased the number of leaves in shade-tolerant plants with a large initial number of leaves. Researchers have speculated that the loss of elephants would shift the composition of African forests to slow-growing tree species. However, findings in this study show some slow-growing shade-tolerant plants grew more new leaves with additional nutrient input from elephant dung, a condition that would occur if elephant numbers increase. Forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis) populations declined by 62% between 2002 and 2011. The population is now only 10% of what it was historically, and occupies less than 25% of its original range. ItemPrimate responses to changing environments in the anthropocene(2018-10) Kalbitzer, Urs; Chapman, Colin A.Most primates have slow life-histories and long generation times. Because environmental change is occurring at an unprecedented rate, gene-based adaptations are unlikely to evolve fast enough to offer successful responses to these changes. The paper reviews the most common types of habitat/landscape alterations, the extent of human-primate interactions, and the impact of climate change. It demonstrates how understanding behavioural flexibility as a response to environmental change will be crucial to optimize conservation efforts by constructing informed management plans. Comparisons across species, space, and time can be used to draw generalizations about primate responses to environmental change while considering their behavioural flexibility. ItemPrimate-plant mutualisms : is there evidence for primate fruit syndromes?(2018-10) Valenta, Kim; Chapman, Colin A.For over thirty years, researchers have identified the traits of “primate fruits” (fruits that are exclusively or primarily dispersed by primates). This book chapter reviews the primate fruit syndrome hypothesis in the history of primate seed dispersal studies. It addresses whether primate fruit syndromes exist in alignment with primates exerting sufficient selective pressure on plants via seed dispersal that alters the evolutionary trajectories of those plants. Because of recent technological advances that allow for the quantification of fruit traits, along with the importance of primates as seed dispersers, the fruit syndrome hypothesis can be tested. ItemHow variable is a primate`s world : spatial and temporal variation in potential ecological drivers of behaviour?(2018-10) Chapman, Colin A.; Valenta, Kim; Bortolamiol, SarahLong-term phenological data from the same area over two decades shows that fruit availability can vary as much as eight-fold. Environments have often been characterized by single studies of two years or less, which does not sufficiently account for environmental variation. This book chapter presents examples of behavioural and ecological variation, and considers ways to advance behavioural studies of primates by considering these variations. Perhaps one area of such research is the development of the "Primate Socioecological Model." For instance, in Madagascar where female dominance is common, climate and fruiting patterns are more unpredictable than in other tropical regions where male dominance is the norm. ItemPrimate population dynamics : variation in abundance over space and time(2018-04) Chapman, Colin A.; Bortolamiol, Sarah; Matsuda, Ikki; Omeja, Patrick A.; Paim, Fernanda R.The paper presents longitudinal data documenting changes in primate abundance over 45 years at eight sites in Kibale National Park, Uganda. Findings present a positive conservation message and indicate that the Uganda Wildlife Authority is being effective in managing its biodiversity. However, monitoring of deforestation and continued monitoring and modification of conservation plans are essential. The rapid disappearance of tropical forests, potential impacts of climate change, and increasing threats to wildlife such as bushmeat hunting, make it imperative to understand wildlife population dynamics. With long-lived animals this requires extensive, long-term data, but such data is often lacking.