- ItemBenin’s nationally determined contributions and its economy(2023) Heffernan, Ian
- ItemAssessing the impact and scalability of participatory homegrown programs on reducing and redistributing unpaid care work among women in Rwanda : a case of reseaux des femmes' unpaid care work project in Rwanda(2023-06) Abbot, Pamela; Malunda, Dickson; Byaruhanga, Ismael
- ItemCoping mechanisms to income loss by girls and women during COVID-19 : evidence from selected informal settlements in Kenya(Services for Science and Education Ltd, United Kingdom, 2023-02-25) Onono, Perez A.; Kosimbei, George K.; Omolo, Jacob O.; Rono, Gladys J.; Musyoka, Peter K.This study investigated the coping mechanisms that were adopted by girls and women to mitigate the impacts of income loss due to COVID-19 pandemic. Many households from the Kibra, Mathare, Obunga and Nyawita informal settlements lost employment and incomes during the pandemic leading to increased food insecurity. Girls and women bore a disproportionate share of the burden of employment and income loss and could not access basic necessities including food and house rent, suffered increased sexual harassment, exploitation and abuse, and experienced increase in conflicts within households. To mitigate the impacts of income loss, households reduced food intake or skipped meals, made use of social support systems, begged from well-wishers. Use of risky and negative coping mechanisms including early and forced marriage, as well as transactional sex increased among adolescent girls, and young and older women. The study recommends design and implementation of business and non-business development services to engage women entrepreneurs in more stable income generating activities for enhanced post COVID-19 recovery. Early response of the government and other institutions to cushion vulnerable households during crises can significantly avert negative coping mechanisms and mitigate rising and compounded vulnerabilities and inequalities faced by girls and women.