ItemMaking open development inclusive : lessons from IDRC research(MIT Press, 2020-08-25) Smith, Matthew L.; Seward, Ruhiya KristineA decade ago, a significant trend in using and supporting open practices emerged in international development. “Open development” describes initiatives as wide-ranging as open government and data, open science, open education, and open innovation. The driving theory was that these types of open practices enable more inclusive processes of human development. This volume, drawing on ten years of empirical work and research, analyzes how open development has played out in practice. Focusing on development practices in the Global South, the contributors assess the crucial questions of who is able to participate and benefit from open practices, and who cannot. Examining a wide range of cases, they offer a macro analysis of how open development ecosystems are governed, and evaluate the inclusiveness of a variety of applications, including creating open educational resources, collaborating in science and knowledge production, and crowdsourcing information. ItemEmerging economies artificial intelligence ecosystem in the Global South(2018-09-07) Orlic, DavorThis poster/brochure provides visual representation of private sector start-ups and accelerators; University labs and public sector NGOs; CSOs, think tanks, and development projects focussing on Latin America and Caribbean, Sub-Saharan Africa, Middle East and North Africa, and Asia. The poster contains close to 600 graphic logos/icons, which are charted in relation to their sector and region. ItemLearning, planning and adapting UFE and ResCom according to emergent need : case study of the open and collaborative science for development network (OCSDNet)(2018-01) Nyangaga, Jules; Brodhead, Dal; Ramirez, RicardoThe Open and Collaborative Science for Development (OCSDNet) project is a network of research institutions with limited staff time and resources. The DECI-2 team (Developing Evaluation and Communication Capacity in Information Society Research) focused its attention on evaluation and communication needs adapting the Utilization Focused Evaluation (UFE) and Research Communication (ResCom) concepts. A poster summary elaborates on specific evaluation questions, communication objectives, data collection instruments, and communication media and methods. The OCS community needs to further develop a common language and principles in discussing concepts of science, openness, and development. ItemFinal technical report : strengthening information society research capacity alliance III (SIRCA III)(2018-01-26) Chib, Arul I.; Bentley, Caitlin; Pek, SandySociety Research Capacity Alliance (SIRCA III) is a theory and capacity building research programme which has funded six theory-building research projects led by teams of inter-disciplinary senior researchers across the globe. All theoretical frameworks were positioned for rigorous evaluation and testing. Empirical projects included case studies on the Kenya Open Data Initiative; Municipal Land Records Management and municipal services (Chennai, India); evaluating Tanzania’s Open Data Initiative; mobile agricultural open data information service for farmers (Sri Lanka), climate change weather mapping initiative (Bengal, India), and trust issues between citizen groups and municipal government (Chennai, India). ItemDigital literacies learning in contexts of development : a critical review(2019-01-09) Schira Hagerman, Michelle; Spires, Hiller A.This critical review of the designs, impacts and markers of quality of six literacy interventions offers insights into the strengths and weaknesses of fixed and open approaches to literacies-learning. The detailed study explores digital learning interventions funded by the IDRC (2016–2018), in particular, the digital literacies learning and practices of children and youth in contexts of development. Reading comprehension skills improved significantly relative to the control group, and all of the interventions seemed to support literacies-learning. As well, the open interventions reviewed in this analysis offer promising models in contexts of development for teens. ItemDigital literacies learning in contexts of development : a critical review of six IDRC-funded interventions 2016–2018(Cogitatio, 2019-01-09) Hagerman, Michelle SchiraAs global development agencies and governments seek to address the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goal 4 for Universal Education, evidence of the real impacts of digital literacies interventions in local contexts are needed. This critical review of the designs, impacts and markers of quality of six literacies interventions offers new insights into the strengths and weaknesses of fixed and open approaches to literacies learning in contexts of development. Open interventions offered greater promise for learning a range of digital literacies practices than fixed interventions, even though fixed interventions, based on mobile and web-based apps were inherently digital. This raises important questions about the ways literacies have been conceptualised in development research. ItemU-FE as strategic framework for scaling-up the adoption of ICTs by schools in Colombia.(2018-05) Navas, JoaquinThis DECI-2 (Developing Evaluation and Communication Capacity in Information Society Research) case study reviews mentorship provided to the research team at EAFIT University, focusing on strategies for better communication of research findings to policy-makers and funders. EAFIT’s I+D Unit objective is to identify good practices for adoption of ICTs in schools while developing models for transferring and scaling-up such practices. EAFIT followed the Utilization-Focused Evaluation (U-FE) approach to evaluate two components of a project already in process. U-FE allowed EAFIT’s evaluation team to identify information gaps and consider new ways of using findings. Special attention was given to process documentation. ItemDECI-2 final technical report(2018-05) Ramirez, Ricardo; Brodhead, DalThe Developing Evaluation and Communication Capacity in Information Society Research project (DECI-2) aims to build capacity in evaluation and communication among global Networked Economies (NE) flagship projects. Key DECI-2 contributions have been captured in the project’s publications and conference presentations. This report contains the highlights. By exposing (NE) research partners to methods and media from the communication field early on, DECI-2 support helped project teams create new spaces and opportunities for engagement with possible users of the research. As well, by creating a space for reflection, projects were enabled to undertake strategic adaptation. ItemIntelligence artificielle et développement humain : vers un programme de recherche(2018-04) Smith, Matthew; Neupane, SujayaLes applications de l’intelligence artificielle (IA) exerceront une incidence profonde sur les sociétés des pays à faible revenu et pays à revenu intermédiaire (PFR-PRI), tant positivement que négativement. L’intelligence artificielle est une nouvelle classe de technologies à partir de laquelle d’autres technologies et applications sont en train d’être conçues. Propulsées par la disponibilité accrue de la puissance de calcul, une connectivité améliorée, et les mégadonnées, les applications de l’IA offrent de fascinantes possibilités de promouvoir la croissance économique et de s’attaquer à un large éventail de problèmes de longue date dans les pays du Sud. L’incidence perturbatrice qui en résultera sera massive et pourrait bien être révolutionnaire. ItemUn marco decisional en evaluación y comunicación : resumen de investigación-acción(2018-05) Ramirez, Ricardo ItemConfirming readiness for collaborative evaluation(2018-05) Zaveri, Sonal; Ramirez, Ricardo; Brodhead, DalThis report contributes workshop findings on readiness for building an evaluation culture: At the heart of evaluation work is learning-by-doing, or experiential learning; when evaluation users are engaged in deciding what to evaluate, what questions to ask, what evidence to seek, and what tools to use to collect and analyze findings, they learn about evaluation and take ownership of the results. “Readiness” is a term used for describing the enabling and limiting factors behind collaboration. ItemArtificial intelligence and human development : toward a research agenda(2018-04) Smith, Matthew; Neupane, SujayaLike most new technologies, Artificial Intelligence (AI) has the potential to exacerbate existing problems, reinforce structural inequalities, and superimpose biases. This paper proposes a proactive research agenda for the ethical and equitable application of AI in the Global South, drawn from a broad overview of technologies associated with AI capabilities, and the opportunities and challenges they present. Three areas are identified in which action can be taken: policies and regulations; inclusive and ethical AI applications; and infrastructure and skills. Within each area, the paper makes recommendations for research necessary to make concrete progress. ItemAnalysis of accountability concepts for open development(2018-01) Bentley, CaitlinThe distinct and innovative characteristics of open processes render some concepts of accountability inadequate. This article compares three purposes and perspectives on accountability for their relevance to open development in order to suggest future areas of research and theoretical development. Much of the discourse on accountability in open development has focused on making use of new technology to hold development actors, such as governments, to account. Overall, accountability concepts are highly relevant for reducing ambiguities between what open development is, and what it is for. This paper addresses some gaps in the literature on accountability. ItemSIRCA III Annual Report 2017 : Ten years of excellence(2018-01) Chib, Arul; Bentley, Caitlin; Pek, SandyDriven by a passion for social change through the application of ICT in developing countries, with a focus on digitally-enabled openness, SIRCA scholars have demonstrated outstanding influence, shifting ICT4D discourses, and providing leadership roles within their institutions. This Annual Report reviews impacts of Strengthening Information Society Research Capacity Alliance (SIRCA) ten years’ of projects, culminating in the book publication, “Critical Perspectives on Open Development” whose individual chapters are reviewed here. At the end of SIRCA’s third iteration (Phase III), the alliance moves forward on gender mainstreaming practices and the role of ICT in the intersections of technology development and gender. ItemBuilding research capacity for systematic reviews in the Asian and African communication policy research communities(LIRNEasia, Sri Lanka, 2017-01)The project consisted of three components; research, capacity building and dissemination. The research component consisted of conducting systematic reviews (SRs) on topics related to development. The capacity-building component was aimed at training a select group of mid-level and senior policy intellectuals on how to conduct SRs. The dissemination component communicated the results to a larger group of policy intellectuals through events including the Communications Policy Research South (CPRsouth) conference and other events, making use of policy windows where appropriate. ItemMentoring three ISIF-funded projects in evaluation and research communication(New Economy Development Group, Ottawa, Ontario, 2016-08) Zaveri, Sonal; Ramelan, Vira; Ramirez, Ricardo; Brodhead, DalThis series of case studies emerged from an action-research project entitled Developing Evaluation and Communication Capacity in Information Society Research (DECI-2). The predecessor DECI-1 project focused only on evaluation mentoring in Asia. The subsequent DECI-2 project collaborated with research networks and grantees supported by International Development Research Centre’s (IDRC) Information & Networks Program between July 2012 and 2017. This particular case summarizes work with the ISIF grants program based at APNIC in Brisbane, Australia. ItemEvaluating CONDATOS: A web-based U-FE experience that beat the odds(New Economy Development Group, Ottawa, Ontario, 2016-07) Navas, Joaquin; Ramirez, Ricardo; Brodhead, DalThis series of case studies emerged from an action-research project entitled Developing Evaluation and Communication Capacity in Information Society Research (DECI-2). The predecessor Developing Evaluation Capacity in ICTD (DECI-1) project focused only on evaluation mentoring in Asia. The subsequent DECI-2 project collaborated with research networks and grantees supported by IDRC’s Information & Networks Program between July 2012 and 2017. This particular case summarizes work with the CONDATOS Conference under the coordination of Fundación Avina. ItemWorkshop Report DECI-2 Team Meeting Cape Town May 2016(New Economy Development Group, Ottawa, Ontario, 2016-06) Ramirez, Ricardo; Brodhead, DalTeams from the Developing Evaluation and Communication Capacity in Information Society Research (DECI-2) met in a one-off event to present findings in relation to DECI-2 project objectives: capacity development outcomes, partner/project level changes, and production of a learning and dissemination review. The workshop meeting was an opportunity to reflect and find ways to improve and consolidate work during the last year of the project, strengthen mentoring, simplify the DECI-2 approach, and plan strategically for knowledge sharing. ItemCan participatory communication be taught? Finding your inner phronēsis(Foundation for the Support of the Knowledge Management for Development Journal, Bennekom, Netherlands, 2015-12) Ramirez, Ricardo; Quarry, Wendy; Guerin, FredApplied to the fields of participatory research, communication for development, and evaluation, this paper is a reflection on teaching communication thinking and how it can be done. Known as ‘practical wisdom’ or phronēsis as Aristotle called it, practical wisdom is an acquired skill and ability “to do the right thing, at the right time, for the right reason.” What instructs phronēsis, what enables us to become wise in practical situations (especially ethical ones) is a combination of experience over time, and a reasoned and intuitive grasp of the constitutive goods that govern a community or institution. The paper advocates for skillful mentorship. ItemEmerging benefits from utilization focused evaluation and research communication(New Economy Development Group, Ottawa, Ontario, 2015-05) Zaveri, Sonal; Ramelan, Vira; Ramirez, Ricardo; Brodhead, DalThis poster introduces the Utilization Focused Evaluation (UFE) process, which invites users to consider a wide learning agenda, not just accountability or impacts. Engaging stakeholders early for "audience research" can shape project priorities and evaluation uses. Key Evaluation Questions on communication outcomes can yield findings that feed into communication practices.