Decentralized urban solid waste management in Indonesia : final technical report
Bremen Overseas Research and Development Association (BORDA), Bremen, DE
In Indonesia, solid waste services are still monopolized and provided by government agencies. Although local regulations, which define the setup of the solid waste handling from household level to the temporary collection station, stipulate the involvement of the village or community level, community, especially the urban poor’s, participation and involvement in managing waste from the source to the temporary station is not progressing. Lack of awareness, weak law enforcement and insufficient incentive systems for waste minimization and recycling do not encourage the community to make an effort. These kinds of practices lead to high waste generation, with unsorted waste brought to dumpsites shortening the lifetime of the landfills. Local governments appear only interested in big scale projects and invite the private sector to solve the waste problem. Community‐based solid waste management is already implemented in several cities but so far no room for replication exits and it is still not introduced in a systematic way. Consequently, this decentralized, low‐cost, pro‐poor and climate friendly approach needs to be promoted more. A systematic approach on community‐based solid waste management, especially for urban poor or low‐income communities, has to be supported by all stakeholders, especially local governments. The pilot projects implemented in typical urban poor/low‐income areas in 7 cities were developed as a model which can potentially be replicated across the country. Seven community clusters with a served population range of 300‐1000 households were able to manage their own waste with an operational cost recovery system which involved all community members and was supported by all stakeholders in a sustainable way. This simple solution, close to the source, reduced waste volume up to 80%, increased community cohesion and was economically viable.
Annex 5 and Annex 6 cannot be shared with the public.
Final Technical Report
SOUTHEAST ASIA, INDONESIA, COMPOSTING, COMMUNITY-BASED WASTE MANAGEMENT, DECENTRALIZATION, SOLID WASTES, LOCAL GOVERNMENT, URBAN DEVELOPMENT, WASTE MANAGEMENT, VULNERABLE GROUPS, URBAN POPULATION, COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION, ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH, PILOT PROJECTS