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Returns to health for Peruvian urban adults : differentials across genders, the life-cycle and the wage distribution

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dc.contributor.author Murrugarra, Edmundo
dc.contributor.author Valdivia, Martín
dc.date.accessioned 2015-11-17T16:00:16Z
dc.date.available 2015-11-17T16:00:16Z
dc.date.issued 1998-11
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10625/55005
dc.description.abstract This report shows evidence about determinants of health status for urban adults and their effects on productivity. Accurate estimation of the effect of health on wages is always difficult to obtain due to endogeneity and measurement error of the health indicators that are available in household surveys for developing countries. Tue health measure used here is the number of days ill, which involves endogeneity and reporting error problems that are controlled for. Tue use of household sanitary infrastructure and proxies for health prices, measured by the distance to the health center and the average waiting time for attention at the district level, enabled the construction of an instrument variable estimator for the effects of health on wages. The instruments are statistically significant for all urban individuals. Schooling effects on health are positive and strong for urban males, and the positive effect of schooling on health is clearly increasing with age. The effect of health on wages is positive and robust, especially for urban males. The larger effects of an additional day sick are found among older self-employed males (-4.3%) and those at the bottom of the hourly earnings distribution (-3.8%), and those in the, private sector (-1.8%). These results suggest that health has a stronger impact on the wages of those jobs where productivity and health are closely connected, as· in the private sector and the self-employed. Tue inconclusive results among females indicate the need to work in the development of a model that better express the way in which women insert into the labor market. en
dc.format Text en
dc.format.extent 1 digital file (45 p. : ill.) en
dc.format.mimetype Application/pdf
dc.language.iso en
dc.subject PERU en
dc.subject HEALTH STATUS en
dc.subject WAGES en
dc.subject MORBIDITY en
dc.subject HEALTH INDICATORS en
dc.subject EMPLOYMENT en
dc.subject SELF EMPLOYMENT en
dc.subject SOCIAL DETERMINANTS OF HEALTH en
dc.subject GENDER ANALYSIS en
dc.subject ECONOMETRICS en
dc.subject OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH en
dc.subject HEALTH SERVICES en
dc.subject HEALTH POLICY en
dc.title Returns to health for Peruvian urban adults : differentials across genders, the life-cycle and the wage distribution en
dc.type Working Paper en
idrc.project.number 000313
idrc.project.componentnumber 930404
idrc.project.title Peru Economic Research Consortium - Phase II en
idrc.dspace.access IDRC Only en
idrc.rims.adhocgroup IDRC SUPPORTED en


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