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Poor thiamin and riboflavin status is common among women of childbearing age in rural and urban Cambodia

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dc.contributor.author Whitfield, Kyly C.
dc.contributor.author Karakochuk, Crystal D.
dc.contributor.author Liu, Yazheng
dc.contributor.author McCann, Adrian
dc.contributor.author Talukder, Aminuzzaman
dc.date.accessioned 2015-02-26T17:50:15Z
dc.date.available 2015-02-26T17:50:15Z
dc.date.copyright 2015
dc.date.issued 2015-01
dc.identifier.citation Whitfield, K.C., Karakochuk, C.D., Liu, Y., McCann, A., Talukder, A., Kroeun, H. , et al. (2015). Poor Thiamin and Riboflavin Status Is Common among Women of Childbearing Age in Rural and Urban Cambodia. The Journal of Nutrition, 1-6. doi:10.3945/jn.114.203604 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10625/53789
dc.description.abstract Background: Thiamin deficiency in infancy is the underlying cause of beriberi, which can be fatal without rapid treatment. Reports of thiamin deficiency are common in Cambodia; however, population representative data are unavailable. Because B-complex vitamin deficiencies commonly occur in combination, riboflavin was also investigated. Objective: We determined the biomarker status of thiamin and riboflavin in women of childbearing age in rural and urban Cambodia. Methods: We measured thiamin (erythrocyte thiamin diphosphate; TDP) and riboflavin (erythrocyte glutathione reductase activity coefficient; EGRac) status in a representative sample of Cambodian women (aged 20–45 y) in urban Phnom Penh (n = 146) and rural Prey Veng (n = 156), Cambodia, and, for comparison purposes, in a convenience sample of women in urban Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada (n = 49). Results: Thiamin insufficiency (TDP # 90nmol/L) was common among both urban (39%) and rural (59%) Cambodian women (P < 0.001), whereas <20% of Vancouver women were thiamin insufficient (P < 0.001). The prevalence of suboptimal and deficient riboflavin status (EGRac $ 1.3) was 89%, 92%, and 70% among women in Phnom Penh, Prey Veng, and Vancouver, respectively (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Suboptimal status of both thiamin and riboflavin were common in Cambodian women, with substantially higher rates among women living in rural Prey Veng than in urban Phnom Penh. Strategies may be needed to improve the thiamin and riboflavin status of women in Cambodia. The unexpected finding of high riboflavin inadequacy status in Vancouver women warrants further investigation. en
dc.format Text en
dc.format.extent 1 digital file (p. 1-6) en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher American Society for Nutrition en
dc.subject THIAMIN en
dc.subject VITAMIN B-1 en
dc.subject RIBOFLAVIN en
dc.subject VITAMIN B-2 en
dc.subject ERYTHROCYTE GLUTATHIONE REDUCTASE ACTIVITY COEFFICIENT en
dc.subject EGRAC en
dc.subject MICRONUTRIENT DEFICIENCIES en
dc.subject WOMEN en
dc.subject CAMBODIA en
dc.subject CANADA en
dc.subject WOMEN'S HEALTH en
dc.subject NUTRITIONAL STATUS en
dc.title Poor thiamin and riboflavin status is common among women of childbearing age in rural and urban Cambodia en
dc.type Article (journal - peer-reviewed) en
idrc.project.number 106928
idrc.project.componentnumber 106928001
idrc.project.title Small-scale Aquaculture to Strengthen Food Security in Cambodia (CIFSRF) en
idrc.copyright.holder American Society for Nutrition
idrc.dspace.access IDRC Only en
idrc.rims.adhocgroup IDRC SUPPORTED en
idrc.recordsserver.bcsnumber IC01-971-199
idrc.noaccess Due to copyright restrictions the full text of this research output is not available in the IDRC Digital Library or by request from the IDRC Library. / Compte tenu des restrictions relatives au droit d'auteur, le texte intégral de cet extrant de recherche n'est pas accessible dans la Bibliothèque numérique du CRDI, et il n'est pas possible d'en faire la demande à la Bibliothéque du CRDI. en


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