7. Geographic Diversity/Diversité géographique

7. Geographic Diversity/Diversité géographique

 



Countries and regions in the world experience development differently due to their unique histories, cultures and politics. Traditional development thinking divided the world into regions, however the emergence of cross-regional groupings like the BRICs and the G20 has challenged this. This section looks at the relatively unique development experiences of a number of countries: deemed to be successful developers (East Asia and Chile); where the lack of adequate development is a puzzle (the Middle East and sub-Saharan Africa); and ones too big not to be studied (Brazil, China, India and South Africa).



Les divers pays et régions de la planète n’ont pas tous la même expérience du développement en raison de leur histoire, de leur culture et de leur situation politique propres. La pensée classique en matière de développement répartissait le monde en régions; toutefois, l’émergence de groupes transrégionaux comme les BRICS et le G20 est venue remettre en question cette perception. Cette section porte sur les expériences plutôt uniques de certains pays en matière de développement : ceux que l’on considère comme ayant réussi leur développement (l’Asie de l’Est et le Chili); ceux où les insuffisances du développement sont difficilement compréhensibles (le Moyen-Orient et l’Afrique subsaharienne); et ceux dont la taille en fait des incontournables (le Brésil, la Chine, l’Inde et l’Afrique du Sud.



Recent Submissions

  • Galal, Ahmed; Selim, Hoda (2013)
    This chapter reviews the development experience of Arab countries since World War II, arguing that extractive economic and political institutions are the primary cause of underdevelopment in the region. While macroeconomic ...
  • Ajakaiye, Olu; Jerome, Afeikhena (2013)
    This chapter briefly appraises Africa’s development experience, especially since the 1960s when several African States became independent. It reviews the development experience and development policy practice in Africa ...
  • Kapur, Devesh (2013)
    There are a wide range of core functions, from regulation to security, and from social inclusion to public goods provision, where the State is and will be indispensable. This chapter examines growth and structural change ...
  • Ncube, Mthuli; Shimeles, Abebe; Verdier-Chouchane, Audrey (2013)
    The objective of this chapter is to show the interplay of ideas and experiences that have shaped South Africa’s development path in the pre- and post-apartheid era. It opens with an overview of the change in the development ...
  • Chile 
    Ottone, Ernesto; Vergara, Carlos (2013)
    “Development” is not only a concept but a particular relationship between state, market, and society. Chile’s achievements are tied to an effort to break through old political impasses to establish a new coalition based ...
  • Brazil 
    Flôres, Renato G. (2013)
    This chapter aims to understand the Brazilian political and social dynamics, identifying main features that affect the process of growth and development. The analysis covers eighty years, paying more attention to the period ...
  • China 
    Lan Xue; Ling Chen (2013)
    This chapter of “International development : ideas, experience and prospects” looks beyond ideological debate and provides an account of the development process that reflects upon the mistakes and pitfalls of China’s ...
  • Tay, Simon S.C. (2013)
    This chapter of “International development : ideas, experience and prospects” evaluates the idea of the Asian model of development, the ways it might seem to differ from others, and then considers gaps and further development ...