IDRC Digital Library

7. Geographic Diversity/Diversité géographique

7. Geographic Diversity/Diversité géographique

 



Countries and regions in the world experience development differently due to their unique histories, cultures and politics. Traditional development thinking divided the world into regions, however the emergence of cross-regional groupings like the BRICs and the G20 has challenged this. This section looks at the relatively unique development experiences of a number of countries: deemed to be successful developers (East Asia and Chile); where the lack of adequate development is a puzzle (the Middle East and sub-Saharan Africa); and ones too big not to be studied (Brazil, China, India and South Africa).



Les divers pays et régions de la planète n’ont pas tous la même expérience du développement en raison de leur histoire, de leur culture et de leur situation politique propres. La pensée classique en matière de développement répartissait le monde en régions; toutefois, l’émergence de groupes transrégionaux comme les BRICS et le G20 est venue remettre en question cette perception. Cette section porte sur les expériences plutôt uniques de certains pays en matière de développement : ceux que l’on considère comme ayant réussi leur développement (l’Asie de l’Est et le Chili); ceux où les insuffisances du développement sont difficilement compréhensibles (le Moyen-Orient et l’Afrique subsaharienne); et ceux dont la taille en fait des incontournables (le Brésil, la Chine, l’Inde et l’Afrique du Sud.



Recent Submissions

  • Galal, Ahmed; Selim, Hoda (2013)
    This chapter reviews the development experience of the Arab countries since World War II, arguing that extractive economic and political institutions are the primary cause of the current state of underdevelopment in the ...
  • Ajakaiye, Olu; Jerome, Afeikhena (2013)
    This chapter appraises sub-Saharan Africa’s development experience in the postindependence era. The evidence indicates that the experience has been varied and episodic. Since the beginning of the twenty-first century, ...
  • Kapur, Devesh (2013)
    This chapter examines growth and structural change in the Indian economy since independence, focusing on the key drivers and critical junctures that led to changes in economic policies and their consequences for growth and ...
  • Ncube, Mthuli; Shimeles, Abebe; Verdier-Chouchane, Audrey (2013)
    The end of apartheid in 1994 ushered in a new era in South Africa, and with it the challenge of building a democratic, inclusive, and stable society. The government led by the African National Congress initially adopted a ...
  • Chile 
    Ottone, Ernesto; Vergara, Carlos (2013)
    Chile has experienced dramatically different models of development over the past century, ranging from early efforts at inclusion to accommodate people moving to cities, to import substitution following the Great Depression ...
  • Brazil 
    Flôres, Renato G. (2013)
    Brazil offers an interesting case study of economic growth which combines both textbook and unorthodox policies. Eighty years of Brazilian history are described in three periods: the first beginning in 1930 with Getúlio ...
  • China 
    Lan Xue; Ling Chen (2013)
    There has been much discussion of the “China Model” and to what extent it can be replicated. China’s success can be explained through three relationships: domestic and international, economic and governmental, and central ...
  • Tay, Simon S.C. (2013)
    The idea of an Asian model for development grew with the rise of the “tiger” economies of Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan, dubbed “the East Asian Miracle” by the World Bank. This model came under stress in ...