IDRC Digital Library

5. Environment & Health/Environnement et santé

5. Environment & Health/Environnement et santé

 



In contrast to the other themes, the subjects of environment and health are more rooted in the natural sciences. Scientific inquiry led to the development of concepts such as natural capital, intergenerational equity and sustainable development, yet it is also the scientific focus on data and provability that has put pressure on policy process. Grand narratives still shape global agendas, but in everyday life the practitioner is more likely to speak of policy experiments, measurable targets, and development indicators. Science provides tools, yet its influence depends on whose hands it empowers: whether by governments designing smarter health systems, or poor farmers growing more nutritious food.



L’environnement et la santé sont des sujets qui prennent racine dans les sciences naturelles. La recherche scientifique a débouché sur des concepts tels que le capital naturel, l’équité intergénérationnelle et le développement durable; pourtant, c’est aussi la méthode scientifique axée sur les données et la démontrabilité qui a exercé des pressions sur le processus d’élaboration des politiques. Les exposés étoffés façonnent encore les programmes mondiaux mais, au quotidien, le praticien est plus susceptible de parler d’expériences en matière de politiques, de cibles mesurables et d’indicateurs du développement. La science fournit des outils, mais son influence dépend de ceux qui les mettent à profit, qu’il s’agisse de gouvernements qui conçoivent des systèmes de santé plus intelligents ou d’agriculteurs disposant de peu de ressources qui cultivent des aliments plus nutritifs.



Recent Submissions

  • Oomman, Nandini; Cleghorn, Farley (2013)
    Global health has emerged as a core component of global development, and financing for global health has increased dramatically. Yet despite the growing recognition that poor health status is both a cause and an effect of ...
  • Evans, Tim (2013)
    The twentieth century witnessed a number of transitions in health, including longer life expectancy and changing burden of disease. Yet it also resulted in persistent inequalities in health outcomes within and between ...
  • Denton, Fatima (2013)
    Climate adaptation tends to be conceived narrowly as a question of technology and biophysical change, yet social and political dimensions provide a deeper understanding on how societies respond to climate change. The ...
  • White, Ben; Borras, Saturnino M.; Hall, Ruth (2013)
    This chapter traces how land policies and particularly land reform have gained, lost, and regained prominence in development strategies and debates since the Second World War. The authors begin with definitions and summarize ...
  • Berdegué, Julio A.; Rosada, Tomás; Bebbington, Anthony J. (2013)
    This chapter discusses the rural transformation, a process of comprehensive societal change whereby rural societies diversify their economies and reduce their reliance on agriculture; become dependent on distant places to ...
  • Tortajada, Cecilia (2013)
    This chapter presents the history of thinking on water resources and how it has evolved over time. It analyzes paradigms proposed by the international community during the last half century in light of their decisive ...
  • Sambasivan Swaminathan, Mankombu; Pandya-Lorch, Rajul; Yosef, Sivan (2013)
    The discourse about agriculture and its link to food security evolved greatly over the past century. Early thinking focused solely on the ability to increase production of staple foods to meet a real or assumed growth in ...