5. Environment & Health/Environnement et santé

5. Environment & Health/Environnement et santé

 



In contrast to the other themes, the subjects of environment and health are more rooted in the natural sciences. Scientific inquiry led to the development of concepts such as natural capital, intergenerational equity and sustainable development, yet it is also the scientific focus on data and provability that has put pressure on policy process. Grand narratives still shape global agendas, but in everyday life the practitioner is more likely to speak of policy experiments, measurable targets, and development indicators. Science provides tools, yet its influence depends on whose hands it empowers: whether by governments designing smarter health systems, or poor farmers growing more nutritious food.



L’environnement et la santé sont des sujets qui prennent racine dans les sciences naturelles. La recherche scientifique a débouché sur des concepts tels que le capital naturel, l’équité intergénérationnelle et le développement durable; pourtant, c’est aussi la méthode scientifique axée sur les données et la démontrabilité qui a exercé des pressions sur le processus d’élaboration des politiques. Les exposés étoffés façonnent encore les programmes mondiaux mais, au quotidien, le praticien est plus susceptible de parler d’expériences en matière de politiques, de cibles mesurables et d’indicateurs du développement. La science fournit des outils, mais son influence dépend de ceux qui les mettent à profit, qu’il s’agisse de gouvernements qui conçoivent des systèmes de santé plus intelligents ou d’agriculteurs disposant de peu de ressources qui cultivent des aliments plus nutritifs.



Recent Submissions

  • Oomman, Nandini; Cleghorn, Farley (2013)
    Not until the early 2000s has development financing for global health increased dramatically. The chapter argues that specifically targeted funding may have unintended consequences, undermining health systems designed to ...
  • Evans, Tim (2013)
    Over time, there have been distinct waves in thinking regarding linkages between health and development: from a tropical health era focused on diseases endemic to developing countries, to an international era of efforts ...
  • Denton, Fatima (2013)
    Governance shapes the opportunities for adaptation in practice, facilitating communication and coordination between local and national-level action. Reversing climate change is essentially about empowering vulnerable ...
  • White, Ben; Borras, Saturnino M.; Hall, Ruth (2013)
    This chapter uses both classic and contemporary literature to trace how land policies, and particularly land reform, have gained, lost, and regained prominence in development strategies and debates since the Second World ...
  • Berdegué, Julio A.; Rosada, Tomás; Bebbington, Anthony J. (2013)
    About 3.3 billion people live in the rural areas of Africa, Asia and Latin America; an additional 1.3 billion reside in provincial towns. The bulk of land-based global biodiversity lives with or immediately next to these ...
  • Tortajada, Cecilia (2013)
    This chapter presents the history of thinking on water resources and how it has evolved over time. It analyzes paradigms proposed by the international community during the last half century in light of their decisive ...
  • Sambasivan Swaminathan, Mankombu; Pandya-Lorch, Rajul; Yosef, Sivan (2013)
    This chapter reviews the evolution of food security and agricultural development; assesses how agriculture has contributed to improving food security; highlights the experiences of India, China, and Ethiopia; and looks ...