1. Critical Issues/Enjeux critiques

1. Critical Issues/Enjeux critiques

 



The concepts and practices of development have evolved over time. Here we explore how development has been studied and understood, and how the changing political, societal and economic relations have influenced—and been influenced by—trends in development theory. Concepts of poverty have evolved to include measures of health, education, literacy and happiness, in addition to income. The role of women has been recognized as key to development and gender equity.



Les concepts et les pratiques du développement ont évolué au fil du temps. Nous nous intéressons ici à la manière dont on a étudié et compris le développement, et à la façon dont l’évolution des relations politiques, sociétales et économiques a exercé une influence sur la théorie du développement et vice versa. En évoluant, les concepts de pauvreté en sont venus à englober les mesures non seulement du revenu, mais aussi de la santé, de l’éducation, de la littératie et du bonheur. On a reconnu que les femmes jouaient un rôle essentiel en matière de développement et d’équité entre les sexes.



Recent Submissions

  • Rogers, Patricia J.; Fraser, Dugan I. (2013)
    Different approaches to development evaluation are discussed in this chapter, noting that most have been present throughout the history of development but with certain approaches emphasized and promoted at different ...
  • Santos, Maria Emma; Santos, Georgina (2013)
    This chapter examines the motivation for the emergence of composite indices of development and the main grounds on which they have been criticized. A composite index is a function of variables and weights that maps attainments ...
  • Tinker, Irene; Zuckerman, Elaine (2013)
    The social construction of gender reflected in development theory has been increasingly challenged by women in both developed and developing countries. This chapter traces the evolution of the development paradigm in ...
  • Stewart, Frances; Samman, Emma (2013)
    This chapter analyzes inequality—why it matters, how it is defined, how it has been changing, and how it might be reduced. It considers inequality among people and among social groups, and the issues associated with each. ...
  • Hulme, David (2013)
    Part of the book “International development: ideas, experience and prospects," this analysis concludes by considering whether a synthesis is emerging from structuralist and liberal understandings of poverty, or is merely ...
  • Devarajan, Shantayanan; Kanbur, Ravi (2013)
    In the future, development thinking may be dominated by two issues that go beyond the “market-versus-state” dichotomy: sub-national pockets of poverty, and global public goods. This chapter concludes by noting that development ...
  • Yusuf, Shahid (2013)
    Growth economics is arguably overdue for a “scientific revolution” to accommodate new demands, such as enlarging the menu of practical policy options so as to: enable countries to increase capital investment towards (green) ...
  • Harriss, John (2013)
    The history of development theories suggests that specialists should resist pressure to embrace consensus, as no theory is immune to changes in social values or current policy problems. Development is not just a matter of ...
  • Williams, David (2013)
    The chapter examines the emergence of the modern study of development and the ways in which the problems and processes of “development” have been studied, recognizing that the often abstract work of economics needs to ...