IDRC Digital Library

1. Critical Issues/Enjeux critiques

1. Critical Issues/Enjeux critiques

 



The concepts and practices of development have evolved over time. Here we explore how development has been studied and understood, and how the changing political, societal and economic relations have influenced—and been influenced by—trends in development theory. Concepts of poverty have evolved to include measures of health, education, literacy and happiness, in addition to income. The role of women has been recognized as key to development and gender equity.



Les concepts et les pratiques du développement ont évolué au fil du temps. Nous nous intéressons ici à la manière dont on a étudié et compris le développement, et à la façon dont l’évolution des relations politiques, sociétales et économiques a exercé une influence sur la théorie du développement et vice versa. En évoluant, les concepts de pauvreté en sont venus à englober les mesures non seulement du revenu, mais aussi de la santé, de l’éducation, de la littératie et du bonheur. On a reconnu que les femmes jouaient un rôle essentiel en matière de développement et d’équité entre les sexes.



Recent Submissions

  • Rogers, Patricia J.; Fraser, Dugan I. (2013)
    Evaluation has a long history of being used to promote and improve development. Different evaluation approaches have been used, reflecting different understandings of what development is and the role of evaluation—as a ...
  • Santos, Maria Emma; Santos, Georgina (2013)
    This paper reviews the literature on composite (and multidimensional) indices of development. Composite indices emerged as an alternative to using a portfolio of indicators, whose scattered information is sometimes difficult ...
  • Tinker, Irene; Zuckerman, Elaine (2013)
    For over fifty years, women’s organizations have challenged the development paradigm, influenced development agencies to include women’s concerns, and formed a global social movement that has altered gender relations ...
  • Stewart, Frances; Samman, Emma (2013)
    Inequality is one of the most important issues in development. Not only is it unjust according to most philosophical perspectives, but evidence indicates that it is deleterious to well-being generally, social stability, ...
  • Hulme, David (2013)
    This paper examines how the concept of poverty has waxed and waned within development thought and how these fluctuations have shaped development policy and action toward, or away from, direct goals of poverty reduction or ...
  • Devarajan, Shantayanan; Kanbur, Ravi (2013)
    This paper describes the evolution of development economics thinking after World War II as one of a constantly shifting balance between addressing market failures and government failures. The pendulum has swung from ...
  • Yusuf, Shahid (2013)
    The global economy has enjoyed more than a half-century of unprecedented economic growth and a growth ideology is firmly entrenched in advanced and developing countries alike. It is the axis for policy making and is ...
  • Harriss, John (2013)
    Development theories are about understanding how the processes of change in societies take place. Scholars from historically less developed parts of Europe, and from the colonial world, contributed to the construction ...
  • Williams, David (2013)
    This chapter examines the ways in which the problems and processes of ‘development’ have been studied. The study of development has been beset by a series of tensions. First, there is a tension between generating widely ...