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Vulnerability to coastal flooding and response strategies : the case of settlements in Cameroon mangrove forests

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dc.contributor.author Munji, Cecilia A.
dc.contributor.author Bele, Mekou Y.
dc.contributor.author Nkwatoh, Athanasius F.
dc.contributor.author Idinoba, Monica E.
dc.contributor.author Somorin, Olufunso A.
dc.contributor.author Sonwa, Denis J.
dc.date.accessioned 2013-05-14T18:04:43Z
dc.date.available 2013-05-14T18:04:43Z
dc.date.copyright 2012
dc.date.issued 2013
dc.identifier.citation Munji, C.A., Bele, M.Y., Nkwatoh, A.F., Idinoba, M.E., Somorin, O.A., & Sonwa, D.J. (2013). Vulnerability to coastal flooding and response strategies: The case of settlements in Cameroon mangrove forests. Environmental Development, 5, 54-72.doi:10.1016/j.envdev.2012.10.002 en
dc.identifier.issn 2211-4645
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10625/51128
dc.description.abstract Worldwide, millions of people experience coastal flooding each year, with devastating effects especially in rural coastal settlements in tropical developing countries. This paper investigates the vulnerability of local settlements in the Cameroon mangrove forest zone to flooding, and improves understanding of perceptions and responses to past and current coastal flooding. Six communities in the coastal mangrove forest zone of the extreme SouthWest of Cameroon were investigated. A questionnaire was administered to a total of 200 individuals supplemented by other participatory rapid appraisal tools. The ground positions of the sampled sites as well as their altitudes were recorded for subsequent geospatial analysis.Statistical analysis was performed to show trends. The coordinates of the study sites were superimposed on base topographic maps of 1965, to investigate coastal changes over a period of 43 years. Results show that: (1) changes in coastal area have occurred in the past 43 years either through inland retreat or seaward shifts and accordingly, settlements are differentially vulnerable; (2) settlement submergence, house damage, and landscape deformation are the key impacts of flooding; (3) coastal flooding promotes the deforestation of mangrove forest for fuel wood; (4) current adaptive measures include retreat of settlement, abandonment, and house design modifications; and (5) most adaptive strategies are reactive individual actions which are likely inefficient and unsustainable from a longer term perspective given their limited scope of implementation. The paper recommends external support to improve adaptive capacity in mangrove settlements, review and improvement of existing policies, and development of integrated coastal management strategy for the region. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Elsevier en
dc.subject VULNERABILITY en
dc.subject COASTAL FLOODING en
dc.subject ADAPTATION en
dc.subject SETTLEMENTS en
dc.subject MANGROVES en
dc.subject CAMEROON en
dc.subject FLOOD VULNERABILITY en
dc.title Vulnerability to coastal flooding and response strategies : the case of settlements in Cameroon mangrove forests en
dc.type Article en
idrc.project.number 104835
idrc.project.title Altering the Climate of Poverty under Climate Change : the Forests of Congo Basin (sub-Saharan Africa) en
idrc.copyright.holder Elsevier
idrc.dspace.access IDRC Only en
idrc.rims.adhocgroup IDRC SUPPORTED en
idrc.noaccess Due to copyright restrictions the full text of this research output is not available in the IDRC Digital Library or by request from the IDRC Library. / Compte tenu des restrictions relatives au droit d'auteur, le texte intégral de cet extrant de recherche n'est pas accessible dans la Bibliothèque numérique du CRDI, et il n'est pas possible d'en faire la demande à la Bibliothéque du CRDI. en


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