Climate for evidence-informed health systems: a profile of systematic review production in 41 low- and middle-income countries, 1996–2008

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dc.contributor.author Law, Tyler
dc.contributor.author Lavis, John
dc.contributor.author Hamandi, Ali
dc.contributor.author Cheung, Andrew
dc.contributor.author El-Jardali, Fadi
dc.date.accessioned 2012-07-12T17:36:32Z
dc.date.available 2012-07-12T17:36:32Z
dc.date.issued 2011
dc.identifier.citation Law, T., Lavis, J., Hamandi, A., Cheung, A., & El-Jardali, F. (2011). Climate for evidence-informed health systems: a profile of systematic review production in 41 low- and middle-income countries, 1996–2008. J Health Serv Res Policy: 4-10. doi: 10.1258/jhsrp.2011.010109 en
dc.identifier.issn 1355-8196
dc.identifier.issn 1758-1060
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10625/49764
dc.description Published online before print 3 October 2011 en
dc.description.abstract Objective: To describe systematic review production in 41 countries in Africa, the Americas, Asia and the eastern Mediterranean to understand one dimension of the climate for evidence-informed health systems and to provide a baseline for an evaluation of knowledge translation initiatives.Methods: Our focus was systematic reviews published between 1996 and 2008 that had a corresponding author based in, or that appeared to target, one of the countries in these regions. We searched both Medline and Embase using validated search strategies, identified citations with a country name in the corresponding author's institutional affiliation or as a textword (i.e., an explicit mention in the title or abstract) or keyword, and coded articles describing a systematic review. We followed the same citation identification procedure for Health Systems Evidence, a database containing systematic reviews about health systems. Results: Systematic review production increased between three-fold (for Africa in Medline) and 110-fold (for Asia in Embase) between the first period (1996–2002) and second period (2003–2008). In the second period, China was more often the home of corresponding authors and the target of reviews than any other country. No systematic reviews were produced by a corresponding author based in nine countries, or appeared to target five countries. Only 48 reviews identified through Medline and Embase addressed health systems, and 35 health systems reviews identified through Health Systems Evidence addressed these countries. Conclusion: In many countries, those seeking to support evidence-informed health systems cannot turn to experienced local systematic reviewers to help them to find and use systematic reviews or to conduct reviews on high priority topics when none exists. These findings suggest the need for local capacity-building initiatives. en
dc.format Text en
dc.format.extent p. 4-10 en
dc.language.iso en
dc.subject HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH en
dc.subject HEALTH SYSTEM en
dc.subject EVIDENCE-BASED POLICY MAKING en
dc.subject SYSTEMATIC REVIEW en
dc.title Climate for evidence-informed health systems: a profile of systematic review production in 41 low- and middle-income countries, 1996–2008 en
dc.type Abstract en
idrc.project.number 104519
idrc.project.componentnumber 104519008
idrc.project.title International Research Chairs Initiative (IRCI) en
idrc.copyright.holder The Royal Society of Medicine Press Ltd
idrc.dspace.access IDRC Only en
idrc.rims.adhocgroup IDRC SUPPORTED en
dc.relation.journal Journal Health Services Research Policy
idrc.noaccess Due to copyright restrictions the full text of this research output is not available in the IDRC Digital Library or by request from the IDRC Library. / Compte tenu des restrictions relatives au droit d'auteur, le texte intégral de cet extrant de recherche n'est pas accessible dans la Bibliothèque numérique du CRDI, et il n'est pas possible d'en faire la demande à la Bibliothéque du CRDI. en


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