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Attitudes, practices and beliefs towards worksite smoking among administrators of private and public enterprises in Armenia

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dc.contributor.author Movsisyan, Narine K.
dc.contributor.author Thompson, Michael E.
dc.contributor.author Petrosyan, Varduhi
dc.date.accessioned 2010-09-29T18:58:38Z
dc.date.available 2010-09-29T18:58:38Z
dc.date.issued 2010
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10625/44850
dc.description.abstract Background: In March 2005, Armenia enacted legislation protecting employees from secondhand smoke. This research was the first attempt to understand the attitudes, beliefs and practices of managers of public and private enterprises regarding smoke-free worksite policies. // Methods: Mixed methods were used. The study team conducted focus group discussions with worksite administrators to explore their beliefs, attitudes and practices related to worksite smoking. These findings guided development of a quantitative instrument to collect more representative data on the same issues. Using stratified random sampling, 243 worksites were interviewed from June-July 2005, representing state/municipal, health, educational, culture and business institutions in three of Armenia’s largest cities. // Results/Discussion: Smoking-related practices differed significantly across institutions. More than half of the managers (55.6%) reported having smoking restrictions at worksites, including 37.0% who reported smoke-free workplaces; however, smoking or the presence of ashtrays was observed in 27.8% of workplaces reported to be smoke-free. A substantial proportion of the administrators favored both banning indoor smoking and allowing smoking in special areas. Only 38.0% of managers were aware of employees’ existing legal protections from exposure to secondhand smoke. Knowledge of these regulations was not related to adherence to smoke-free worksite policies. The research also revealed widespread confusion between the concepts of worksite smoking restrictions and smokefree workplaces. Public awareness campaigns that promote promulgation and enforcement of worksite smoking regulations could increase employee demand for smoke-free worksites. // Conclusion: As one of the first studies to investigate smoking-related worksite practices, attitudes and beliefs in former Soviet countries, these findings provide insight into law enforcement processes in economies in transition. en
dc.format Text en
dc.format.extent 1 digital file (5 p.) en
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher BMJ Publishing Group, London, GB en
dc.subject ARMENIA en
dc.subject SMOKE-FREE ENVIRONMENTS en
dc.subject TOBACCO SMOKE POLLUTION en
dc.subject HEALTH BELIEF en
dc.subject OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH en
dc.subject SMOKE-FREE POLICY en
dc.title Attitudes, practices and beliefs towards worksite smoking among administrators of private and public enterprises in Armenia en
dc.type Article en
idrc.project.number 001726
idrc.project.componentnumber 001726060
idrc.project.title Research for International Tobacco Control (RITC) en
idrc.dspace.access IDRC Only en
idrc.rims.adhocgroup IDRC SUPPORTED en


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