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Infrastructure Policy and Indicators / Politiques et indicateurs en matière d’infrastructures

Infrastructure Policy and Indicators / Politiques et indicateurs en matière d’infrastructures

 



Infrastructure Policy and Indicators

In the past, development activities have focused on the third and fourth layers of information and communication services, assuming that the market would take care of the development of basic infrastructure. Manifestly, this has not happened, and African content initiatives are failing to deliver on their promise because the basic access does not exist for Africa to take advantage of those services.

The demand for better and more efficient services are the main drivers for improved network expansion and upgraded operability from old analogue systems to digital quality lines and transmission equipment. But these demands are likely to remain unserviced because complexity of strategic ICT infrastructure development remains outside the reach of the average citizen. They remain paternalistically managed by well-meaning governments with vested interests in earning high dividends from rapidly changing telecommunications markets. These issues need to be elaborated and debated within the context of public policy agenda setting.

Politiques et indicateurs en matière d’infrastructures

Auparavant, les activités de développement visaient surtout les troisième et quatrième couches, les services d’information et de communication, puisqu’on présumait que le marché allait prendre en charge le développement des infrastructures de base. Manifestement, cela ne s’est pas produit, et les initiatives visant un contenu africain ne donnent pas les résultats escomptés puisque l’accès de base nécessaire pour que l’Afrique tire parti de ces services est inexistant.

La demande de services de meilleure qualité et plus efficaces est le principal moteur de l’expansion de réseaux plus performants, ainsi que de la mise à niveau et de la transformation des anciens systèmes analogiques en des lignes et de l’équipement de transmission de qualité numérique. Mais ces demandes ont peu de chances d’être satisfaites étant donné la complexité du développement des infrastructures stratégiques pour les TIC, qui demeure hors de portée du citoyen ordinaire. Des gouvernements bien intentionnés et intéressés à tirer des dividendes substantiels de marchés de télécommunications en constante évolution continuent de gérer ces demandes de façon paternaliste. Ces questions devront être approfondies et débattues dans le cadre de l’établissement des priorités des politiques publiques.



Recent Submissions

  • TechCentral (TechCentral, 2011)
    Namibia has led Southern Africa in cutting call termination rates, the fees the operators charge one another to carry calls between their networks. The rates have been cut to 30c/minute, but MTC (Mobile Telecommunications ...
  • Kerrets-Makau, Monica (Southern African Journal of Information and Communication (SAJIC), The Edge Institute / Research ICT Africa, Braamfontein, ZA, 2008)
    This paper provides an overview of the extent to which regulators are using websites to inform and communicate with the public – including consumers and citizens, the private sector, media and researchers and other ...
  • Kumolalo, F. O.; Olajubu, E. A.; Aderounmu, G. A. (Southern African Journal of Information and Communication (SAJIC), The Edge Institute / Research ICT Africa, Braamfontein, ZA, 2008)
    The advantage of the Internet to academia and research cannot be underestimated; nevertheless in developing countries the ability to support this important resource, as a viable tool for teaching and research, is undermined ...
  • Chigona, Agnes; Chigona, Wallace (Southern African Journal of Information and Communication (SAJIC), The Edge Institute / Research ICT Africa, Braamfontein, ZA, 2008)
    Mobile instant messaging has the potential of providing the youth not only with a social space where they can interact and bond but also with a learning environment. MXit is the most popular mobile instant messaging ...
  • Chabossou, Augustin; Stork, Christoph; Stork, Matthias; Zahonogo, Pam (Southern African Journal of Information and Communication (SAJIC), The Edge Institute / Research ICT Africa, Braamfontein, ZA, 2008)
    This paper uses data from nationally representative household surveys conducted in 17 African countries to analyse mobile adoption and usage. The paper shows that countries differ in their levels of ICT adoption and usage ...
  • Gasmi, Farid; Noumba, Paul; Recuero Virto, Laura (Southern African Journal of Information and Communication (SAJIC), The Edge Institute / Research ICT Africa, Braamfontein, ZA, 2008)
    The main findings and policy implications pertain to two issues. The first issue concerns the impact of the quality of political and economic institutions on the function of regulation. This review points to the fact that ...
  • Esselaar, Steve; Soete, Pieter (Southern African Journal of Information and Communication (SAJIC), The Edge Institute / Research ICT Africa, Braamfontein, ZA, 2007)
    In the past, the main obstacle against building network infrastructure was the cost. Technological advances, however, have meant that building a functional, low-cost network is possible. Knysna is the first municipality ...
  • Morganti, Luciano (Southern African Journal of Information and Communication (SAJIC), The Edge Institute / Research ICT Africa, Braamfontein, ZA, 2007)
    Who exactly are the main players behind the technical infrastructure of the Internet? What paths are emerging at a global level about the use of the Internet? Where and by whom is content produced and consumed? To put it ...
  • James, Tina; Marais, Mario; Audenhove, Leo van (Southern African Journal of Information and Communication (SAJIC), The Edge Institute / Research ICT Africa, Braamfontein, ZA, 2007)
    This contribution presents the results of a pilot project on ICT usage by South African SMMEs in the tourism industry. The Electronic Business Survey (EBS) methodology which was tested for applicability in a developing ...
  • Pierson, Jo; Baelden, Dorien; Lievens, Bram; Marsigny, Christine (Southern African Journal of Information and Communication (SAJIC), The Edge Institute / Research ICT Africa, Braamfontein, ZA, 2007)
    In the transition of the techno-economic paradigm from a (post) industrial to an information society, it is crucial that ICT and broadband become embedded within the whole of the socio-economic system. However figures ...
  • Abrahams, Lucienne; Bakker, Brian; Bhyat, Mohammed (Southern African Journal of Information and Communication (SAJIC), The Edge Institute / Research ICT Africa, Braamfontein, ZA, 2007)
    The article raises two related questions, the strategy question of whether South Africa should focus on universal access to the Internet in the next 10 years for all cities and towns and the operational question of how ...
  • Audenhove, Leo van; Ballon, Pieter; Poel, Martijn; Staelens, Tomas (Southern African Journal of Information and Communication (SAJIC), The Edge Institute / Research ICT Africa, Braamfontein, ZA, 2007)
    Wireless City Networks are a recent, but growing phenomenon. In the United States hundreds of cities are looking into the possibility of rolling out Wi-Fi or WiMax based networks over substantial parts of the city. The ...
  • Sutherland, Ewan (Southern African Journal of Information and Communication (SAJIC), The Edge Institute / Research ICT Africa, Braamfontein, ZA, 2007)
    Leased lines are basic building blocks of mobile networks, ISPs and virtual private networks. In South Africa they have been provided almost exclusively by Telkom SA, the incumbent operator, at comparatively high prices. ...
  • Broek, Wendy van den; Lievens, Bram (Southern African Journal of Information and Communication (SAJIC), The Edge Institute / Research ICT Africa, Braamfontein, ZA, 2007)
    In the society we live in today, access to information is crucial. But because of the increased amount of data as well as the nature of the content, a simple Internet connection is no longer sufficient. The EU government, ...
  • Gillwald, Alison (Southern African Journal of Information and Communication (SAJIC), The Edge Institute / Research ICT Africa, Braamfontein, ZA, 2007)
    This paper explores the underlying causes of South Africa’s relatively poor broadband penetration despite Government’s acknowledgment of its centrality to a modern economy and information society. South Africa’s broadband ...
  • Delaere, Simon (Southern African Journal of Information and Communication (SAJIC), The Edge Institute / Research ICT Africa, Braamfontein, ZA, 2007)
  • Liang, Lawrence; Prabhala, Achal (Southern African Journal of Information and Communication (SAJIC), The Edge Institute / Research ICT Africa, Braamfontein, ZA, 2006)
  • Baude, William; Hofman, Julien; Katz, Eddan; McDaniel, Katherine; Rens, Andrew; Riley, Chris (Southern African Journal of Information and Communication (SAJIC), The Edge Institute / Research ICT Africa, Braamfontein, ZA, 2006)
    South Africa’s current copyright law, the apartheid-era Copyright Act of 1978, remains largely indifferent to development objectives such as increasing public access to educational materials. While it must comply with ...
  • Keats, Derek (Southern African Journal of Information and Communication (SAJIC), The Edge Institute / Research ICT Africa, Braamfontein, ZA, 2006)
    Individuals and institutions are increasingly making content available under Creative Commons (cc) licences. Creative Commons licences are heterogeneous, even though common discourse often assumes homogeneity. A cc licence ...
  • Masango, Charles A. (Southern African Journal of Information and Communication (SAJIC), The Edge Institute / Research ICT Africa, Braamfontein, ZA, 2006)
    The article examines the origin of copyright and the first sale doctrine. It exposes the advantages that the doctrine confers to the purchasers of copyright works and how it is possible for purchasers to use the doctrine ...

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