- ItemDecentralized urban solid waste management in Indonesia : final technical report(Bremen Overseas Research and Development Association (BORDA), Bremen, DE, 2009) Fladerer, Frank; Wahyudi, Surur; Harun AlRasyid, Hamzah; Ismawati, Yuyun; Riese, MarieIn Indonesia, solid waste services are still monopolized and provided by government agencies. Although local regulations, which define the setup of the solid waste handling from household level to the temporary collection station, stipulate the involvement of the village or community level, community, especially the urban poor’s, participation and involvement in managing waste from the source to the temporary station is not progressing. Lack of awareness, weak law enforcement and insufficient incentive systems for waste minimization and recycling do not encourage the community to make an effort. These kinds of practices lead to high waste generation, with unsorted waste brought to dumpsites shortening the lifetime of the landfills. Local governments appear only interested in big scale projects and invite the private sector to solve the waste problem. Community‐based solid waste management is already implemented in several cities but so far no room for replication exits and it is still not introduced in a systematic way. Consequently, this decentralized, low‐cost, pro‐poor and climate friendly approach needs to be promoted more. A systematic approach on community‐based solid waste management, especially for urban poor or low‐income communities, has to be supported by all stakeholders, especially local governments. The pilot projects implemented in typical urban poor/low‐income areas in 7 cities were developed as a model which can potentially be replicated across the country. Seven community clusters with a served population range of 300‐1000 households were able to manage their own waste with an operational cost recovery system which involved all community members and was supported by all stakeholders in a sustainable way. This simple solution, close to the source, reduced waste volume up to 80%, increased community cohesion and was economically viable.
- ItemMilenio ambiental, numéro 2, junio 2005 : garbage; source of jobs and energy(EMS, Montevideo, UY, 2005) Environmental Management Secretariat for Latin America and the CaribbeanMilenio Ambiental is a magazine that includes analyses, information and dissemination of issues related to urban environmental management in cities of Latin America and the Caribbean. It approaches subjects like the management of urban environmental services, water sanitation, solid waste and energy. It aims to serve as a reference publication to help planning and environmental management at the local level.
- ItemRegional Workshop Assessing Integrated Urban Solid Waste Management in municipalities of Latin America and the Caribbean : general information(AIDIS, São Paulo, BR, 2006) Interamerican Sanitary and Environmental Engineering Association (AIDIS)