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Cloning and characterization of genes involved in carbohydrate metabolism in the marine red alga Gracilaria gracilis

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dc.contributor.author Lluisma, A.O.
dc.date.accessioned 2007-11-13
dc.date.available 1997-04-01 en
dc.date.available 2007-11-13
dc.date.issued 1997
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10625/16331
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10222/55490
dc.description.abstract The molecular biology of carbohydrate metabolism in red algae is poorly known. Enzymological studies are few, and no gene for the biosynthesis of sugar nucleotides and polysaccharides has so far been characterized. To isolate genes involved in carbohydrate metabolism in Gracilaria gracilis, genomic libraries were screened with homologous probes prepared either by PCR with degenerate primers, or from cDNAs previously isolated for generating expressed sequence tags (ESTs) from G. gracilis. Genes involved in carbohydrate metabolism, photosynthesis, protein synthesis and degradation, amino acid metabolism, and stress response were among those tagged by the ESTs. Three genes were characterized. These encode galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase (GALT, named GgGALT1), a key enzyme for scD-galactose metabolism; UDPglucose pyrophosphorylase (UGPase; GgUGP), a key enzyme for sugar nucleotide synthesis; and starch branching enzyme (SBE; GgSBE1), which helps determine the structure of floridean starch. The three genes are devoid of introns. Each possesses a polyadenylation signal, TAAA, which occurs in all G. gracilis genes so far characterized, as well as a potential TATA box. Southern hybridization experiments indicate that the three genes are single-copy, but that other genes related to GgGALT1 and GgSBE1 exist. GgGALT1 and GgUGP are each located close to another gene, hinting that occurrence of closely-spaced genes, atypical in eukaryotic genomes, may not be uncommon in the G. gracilis genome. The deduced proteins show high sequence similarity with their homologs in other organisms, but intriguing differences, such as nonconservative substitutions at functionally important sites, were observed. The protein encoded by GgSBE1 lacks an N-terminal portion that could contain a possible target peptide, consistent with the cytosolic localization of floridean starch synthesis. The GgUGP and GgSBE1 proteins are as phylogenetically related to plant as they are to their animal and fungal homologs. en
dc.format Text en
dc.format.extent 1 digital file (123 p. : ill.) en
dc.format.mimetype Application/pdf
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, CA en
dc.subject ALGAE en
dc.subject GENETIC IMPROVEMENT en
dc.subject GENES en
dc.subject BIOLOGICAL CONTROL en
dc.subject CHEMICAL ANALYSIS en
dc.title Cloning and characterization of genes involved in carbohydrate metabolism in the marine red alga Gracilaria gracilis en
dc.type Thesis en
idrc.project.number 910143
idrc.project.title Seaweeds and Invertebrates (Philippines) en
idrc.dspace.access IDRC Only en
idrc.rims.adhocgroup IDRC SUPPORTED en
dc.description.degree Doctor of Philosophy


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