ItemECOSALUD : América Latina Día; boletín informativo, v. 1, no. 5, 10 diciembre 2013(2013-12) Santandreu, Alain; Pérez, Elizabeth; Gómez, Héctor; Avila, Olga; Guevara, Milady; Pimentel, Edmundo; Salazar, Margareth ItemExecutive summary : community of practice in ecohealth - dissemination and institutionalization for research, outreach and policy influence in Latin America and the Caribbean (COPEH-LAC) phase II, August 2009 - January 2013(COPEH-LAC, Universidad Nacional, Heredia, CR, 2013-02) Quesada, Rosario; Wendel de Joode, Berna van; Arroyo, Ruth; Betancourt, Óscar; Hernández, DavidCoPEHs-LAC has established partnerships that have allowed dissemination, learning and practice of Ecosystem Approaches to Human Health at both regional and nodal levels. The partnerships allow for development and strengthening of links with ministries, and the inclusion of Ecohealth into projects performed by professionals of governmental organizations and civil society. This report focuses on outcomes and outputs in research, training, policy and practice within various country members in Latin America, the Caribbean, and Canada. ItemInforme técnico final : comunidad de práctica en eco salud - difusión e institucionalización de la investigación, la extensión y las influencias políticas en América Latina y el Caribe (COPEH-LAC POR sus siglas en inglés) fase II, agosto 2009 - enero 2013(COPEH-LAC, Universidad Nacional, Heredia, CR, 2013-02) Quesada, Rosario; Wendel de Joode, Berna van; Arroyo, Ruth; Betancourt, Óscar; Hernández, David ItemFinal technical report for the CINBIOSE node of the community of practice in ecosystem approaches to human health : Latin America and the Caribbean; community of practice in ecohealth - dissemination and institutionalization for research, outreach and policy influence in Latin America and the Caribbean, June 2009 - February 2013(Centre interdisciplinaire de recherche sur la biologie, la santé, la société et l’environnement (CINBIOSE), Université du Québec à Montréal, Montréal, QC, CA, 2013) Mergler, Donna; Saint-Charles, Johanne; Webb, JenaThe report covers the role of the Centre interdisciplinaire de recherche sur la biologie, la santé, la société et l’environnement (CINBIOSE), Université du Québec à Montréal. CINBIOSE worked to support workshops and training in Ecohealth approaches organized in Latin American and the Caribbean (LAC); collaborate on research projects based on ecosystem approaches to health; broker LAC and Canadian colleagues; and align efforts with other the Community of Practice in Ecosystem Approaches to Human Health (COPEH) centres, to advance ecosystem approaches to health in Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) strategic programs in environmental and occupational health. ItemFinal technical report : a Canadian community of practice in ecosystem approaches to health with a training and awards program for ecohealth research in international and development settings, January 2008 – June 2012(CoPEH-Canada, 2012-09) Webb, Jena; Saint‐Charles, Johanne; Parkes, Margot; Morrison, Karen; Lemire, Melanie; Woollard, RobertResearchers and institutions across Canada have identified a need for consolidation and commitment to ensure long‐term development and capacity in the field of Ecohealth. As such, a main activity of the Community of Practice in Ecosystem Approaches to Health (CoPEH‐Can) is to collectively design and deliver a short-course that will promote and support research, education, policy and practice in Ecosystem Approaches to Human Health to provide training to qualified graduate awardees under the proposed Canadian Ecohealth Graduate Training Awards Program. Consortium partners aim to establish this short‐course as an accredited graduate course, potentially complemented by a distance‐learning component. ItemFinal technical report for “Ecohealth Toolkit - Pilot for Teaching Manual”, August 2010 – April 2012(Department of Population Medicine, University of Guelph, 2012-04) McCullagh, Suzanne; Morrison, KarenThe Canadian Community of Practice in Ecosystem Approaches to Health (CoPEH-Canada) team has experience teaching Ecohealth which they drew from and developed in the design of the Ecohealth Short Course (2008 – 2011). The teaching manual captures some of the key elements of those courses in a series of modules to assist Ecohealth educators in the delivery of Ecohealth courses, workshops, or seminars. They are easily modifiable and adaptable to different contexts as they are designed in a scalable, modular structure (Appendix 5). This report includes activities and methodology in developing the Ecohealth courses. Information is in English, French and Spanish. ItemSpecial Report | Rapport spécial: Whither ecosystem health and ecological medicine in veterinary medicine and education(Canadian Veterinary Medical Association, 2012) Nielsen, N Ole; Waltner-Toews, David; Nishi, John S; Hunter, D BruceIn Canada, the ecosystem approach/ecohealth evolved through the leadership of the International Joint Commission (IJC) and the institutional programs it supported which were given the task of protecting water quality of the Great Lakes basin ecosystem. While ecosystem management goals should reflect some measure of consensus, decisions may be conditional and subject to review due to uncertainty. The Canadian Cooperative Wildlife Health Centre (CCWHC, 1992) has nodes at each Canadian veterinary faculty and the Centre for Coastal Health. The governance mechanism for an ecosystem must be tailored to be adaptive to deal with new realities as they occur. ItemHealth : an ecosystem approach; documenting ecohealth interventions in the MENA region(Center for Development Services, Cairo, EG, 2008) Center for Development Services ItemFeeding ten billion(CBC, 2012) Kennedy, Paul; Patel, RajThe world just got its 7th billionth citizen, and the population explosion shows no signs of stopping. In a Saskatoon lecture, writer and activist Raj Patel argues that the only way to feed everyone is to completely rethink agriculture. ItemLand is changing : contested agricultural narratives in Northern Malawi (chapter 7)(Routledge, 2010) Bezner Kerr, RachelExamines the mutual conditioning of alternative visions of agriculture in the Ekwendeni region, where agribusiness deepens colonial monoculture, degrading soils with inorganic fertilizers and hybrid seeds, and small-holder supports are removed under the assumption that peasant agriculture is unthinkable, or an obstacle to development and food security. Under pressure from agribusiness and structural adjustment policies, an alternative vision emerges in the Soils, Food and Healthy Communities projects (SFHC) across over a hundred villages, dedicated to agro-ecology and sustaining gender and inter-generational relations on the land. ItemEcoHealth : a primer(Veterinarians without Borders/ Vétérinaires sans Frontières, CA, 2011) Waltner-Toews, DavidThe primer is an introduction to key ideas and practices in an “ecosystem approach to health” or ecohealth. The major tools for doing ecohealth are questions rather than techniques per se (see chapter 5). The techniques for how those questions are asked will vary from situation to situation, from geospatial mapping to interviews, from workshops to mathematical modeling. The combination of stakeholder participation – which necessarily leads to multiple perspectives on reality, and systems thinking – which necessarily leads to questions of relationships, boundaries and responsibilities, takes us to the core of the ecohealth approach, which is complexity. ItemParticipatory research on legume diversification with Malawian smallholder farmers for improved human nutrition and soil fertility(Cambridge University Press, 2007) Bezner Kerr, Rachel; Snapp, Sieglinde; Chirwa, Marko; Shumba, Lizzie; Msachi, RodgersLegume species are uniquely suited to enhance soil productivity and provide nutrient-enriched grains and vegetables for limited-resource farmers. Yet substantial barriers to diversification with legumes exist, such as moderate yield potential and establishment costs, indicating the need for long-term engagement and farmer-centered research and extension. This review and in-depth analysis of a Malawian case study illustrates that farmer experimentation and adoption of legumes can be fostered among even the most resource-poor smallholders. Multi-educational activities and participatory research involving farmer research teamswas carried out with 80communities.Over five years more than 3000 farmers tested legumes and gained knowledge of legume contributions to child nutrition and soil productivity. The average area of expansion of legume systems was 862m2 in 2005; 772m2 for women and 956m2 for men indicating a gender dimension to legume adoption. Farmers chose edible legume intercrops such as pigeonpea and groundnut over the mucuna green manure system, particularly women farmers. Interestingly, expansion in area of doubled-up edible legumes (854m2 in 2005) was practiced by more farmers, but was a smaller area than that of mucuna green manure system (1429m2). An information gap was discovered around the biological consequences of legume residue management. Education on the soil benefits of improved residue management and participatory methods of knowledge sharing were associated with enhanced labour investment; 72% of farmers reported burying legume residues in 2005 compared to 15% in 2000. Households reported feeding significantly more edible legumes to their children compared with control households. Participatory research that incorporated nutritional education fostered discussions within households and communities, the foundation for sustained adoption of legume-diversified systems. ItemMalawian small scale farmers improve skills with help from researchers in Canada and Malawi(RCI, 2011) RCIIn northern Malawi, farmers have been getting help identifying the best legume options to help improve soil fertility, food security and family nutrition. More than four thousand farmers in the region are part of the Soils, Food and Healthy Communities program (SFHC). The focus has been on legume intercrop methods like soya, pigeonpea and ground nut to improve the quality of the soil and provide different edible crops for households at different times of the year. This article is drawn from “The Link Africa “ which is dedicated to stories that connect Canada to Africa. ItemEcological economics and ecohealth : why not do more together?; IDRC Workshop, Delhi 19-12-06(UQAM, Montreal, QC, CA, 2006) Revéret, Jean-Pierre ItemAIDS 2006 Conference : IDRC Satellite Sessions, Toronto, August 12–18, 2006(IDRC, Ottawa, ON, CA, 2006) IDRC ItemDiagrammatic approach to understanding complex eco-social interactions in Kathmandu, Nepal(Resilience Alliance, 2005) Neudoerffer, R. Cynthia; Waltner-Toews, David; Kay, James J.; Joshi, D. D.; Tamang, Mukta S.As part of developing an international network of community-based ecosystem approaches to health, a project was undertaken in a densely populated and socio-economically diverse area of Kathmandu, Nepal. Drawing on hundreds of pages of narrative reports based on surveys, interviews, secondary data, and focus groups by trained Nepalese facilitators, the authors created systemic depictions of relationships between multiple stakeholder groups, ecosystem health, and human health. These were then combined to examine interactions among stakeholders, activities, concerns, perceived needs, and resource states (ecosystem health indicators). These qualitative models have provided useful heuristics for both community members and research scholars to understand the eco-social systems in which they live; many of the strategies developed by the communities and researchers to improve health intuitively drew on this systemic understanding. The diagrams enabled researchers and community participants to explicitly examine relationships and conflicts related to health and environmental issues in their community. ItemPublic health in the face of global ecological and climate change(Cambridge Scholars Publishing, Newcastle upon Tyne, GB, 2010) Soskolne, Colin L.; Westra, LauraResearch undertaken by members of the International Association of Ecology and Health (IAEH) makes critical linkages between population health and the dynamics of ecosystem damage and climate change. The preservation of human health is indissolubly linked to the health of the environment. The International Ecohealth Forum (2008) helped position the field of ecohealth as a key international advocate for this idea. This book chapter is a call for action from the Forum’s deliberations, advocating global adoption of the ecohealth movement. ItemFindings brief : external review of a community of practice development project on ecohealth in Latin America and the Caribbean(2009) Willard, Terri; Finkelman, JacoboThe evaluation study documents strategic leadership and management functions performed during the first phase of support to the project; assesses how these processes and structures served the COPEH in Phase 1; considers how future growth may lead to adapting these functions; and determines some guidelines for the coordinating committee to put in place. Over the last four years, the Community of Practice on Ecohealth—Toxics in Latin America and the Caribbean (COPEH-TLAC) has successfully created a Community of Practice that meets members’ needs for mutual support and learning. Members pointed to a spirit of collaboration that has given space for respectful participation from both North and South.