Browsing by Author "Kazi, Vivian"
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ItemMacroeconomic policy development in Tanzania(2023) Joseph Mashindano, Oswald; Kazi, VivianThis paper attempts to discuss macroeconomic policy development in Tanzania with the objective of informing policy responses to the coronavirus pandemic. The rationale hinges on the understanding that the macroeconomic framework of the country has implications for the country’s growth trajectory. It has been well established that macroeconomic instability was one of the key factors undermining the development of African countries, including Tanzania, between the 1970s and 1990s. Therefore, as Tanzania implements its industrialisation resolve, its macroeconomic policy should be positioned to create an enabling environment for industrial policy. To achieve the country’s 2025 vision to become a semi-industrialised middle-income country, macroeconomic policy should also maintain the conditions that facilitate the structural transformations necessary for economic development. ItemMacroeconomic policy development in Tanzania(2023) Mashindano, Oswald Joseph; Kazi, VivianSince independence, Tanzania has experienced a series of economic shocks, which have pushed the country into an economic crisis. From mid-1980 onwards, major macroeconomic variables have been fluctuating, forcing the government to intervene through fiscal and monetary policies, with mixed results. The advent of the COVID-19 pandemic in March 2020 further disrupted any macroeconomic performance achieved earlier. In response, the BoT adopted macroeconomic policies aimed at shielding the economy from further deterioration by injecting greater funding into the public sector, for example through the healthcare sector. This was aimed at containing the spread of the pandemic. This policy briefing discusses macroeconomic policy development in Tanzania with the objective of informing policy responses to the COVID-19 pandemic. ItemMarchés publics et autonomisation économique des femmes en Afrique de l’Est : défis et possibilités(2023) Blais-Delisle, Catherine; Kazi, Vivian; Sendugwa, Gilbert ItemPublic procurement and women’s economic empowerment in East Africa : challenges and opportunities - policy brief(2023) Blais-Delisle, Catherine; Kazi, Vivian; Sendugwa, GilbertThis brief draws on a recent review of evidence and in-depth country studies supported by the Growth and Economic Opportunities for Women – East Africa initiative on the state of gender integration in government procurement programs, policies and practices and its role in WEE in East Africa. It identifies existing initiatives aimed at promoting gender equality in public procurement as well as existing challenges for women in participating and thriving in the procurement process. Focusing on five countries — Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda and Ethiopia — the brief highlights some of the measures that have been taken to promote gender equality in their procurement frameworks, and ultimately, contribute to WEE. The key finding is that public procurement as a tool to advance WEE is not being implemented to its full potential and that many countries struggle to fully integrate women in their procurement schemes. Gender responsive policies and practices can help governments achieve gender equality by addressing the barriers that prevent women from fully integrating the procurement system.